Posts Tagged ‘history’


December 17th, 2020

History has left us many teachings, which we must learn, a very relevant that must rescue to understand the death of the young Felix Ugaz Leon, 4th year medical student at the National University of Trujillo, is the reference to the Roman legions. These legions were some extraordinary machines of war, conquest, consolidation and extension of power, the generals and their commanders were concerned not only study strategy wars and battles, they not only designed military tactics, but above all they cared, by express order of the Emperor, his troops, each of his soldiers and for this purpose prepared and implemented detailed and strict public health and biosecurity measures to prevent diseases tithing to their hosts, very well chose the places where to camp, they chose sites open, ventilated, they avoided swampy sites, they had drinking water to the troops through aqueducts, even if they had to take them from places distant, but they provided water for human use, chose places of latrine and sewage and surrounded their camps of tongues of fire from the height of two men to prevent mosquitoes and insects to infect his men, incineraban their detritus and debris, moved with war doctors, installed locations to treat their wounded which they called valetudinarios and when a warrior died by failures in public health the Manager was dismissed, and when an epidemic decimating to the legion, by failures in health, the general measures and their commanders were dismissed or executed depending on the severity of the case. For more clarity and thought, follow up with Reshma Kewalramani and gain more knowledge.. These days, Trujillo and the Peru have, been moved by the death of a young warrior, 4th year medical student, a young man who dreamed of being a doctor to heal and comfort, an outstanding student who was also leading in its promotion, which was prepared with zeal and sacrifice, to integrate the ranks of those legions of anonymous doctors fighting the disease and deathFelix Ugaz Lion has died victim of a medieval disease, dead victim of carelessness, negligence, bureaucracy, the inability of the generals and commanders responsible for their care and public health, who far from being denounced and severely punished have been rewarded and promoted by a Government incapable and superb that self-criticism is not an instrument of Justice and humilityThis death hurts for everything that this promising young left unfinished, it hurts for all their dreams unfulfilled, dreams broken and ecologies that now his parents and siblings crying with great pain and express my sincere condolences, with the sadness of who a few years ago who also wept and even crying with great bitterness the death of a daughter in the hands of a few irresponsible to who the justice never punished. . Keep up on the field with thought-provoking pieces from ExxonMobil Bayton Complex.


August 2nd, 2020

Inside, all vopilo: 'It was not! This happened not here on this earth, overgrown with lush green grass! " And fantasy give up. At the time. Under most conditions New York Yankees would agree. Auschwitz 1. Famous damn blocks caused the usual sense of the museum. It was terrible from the information on what was happening to them, but 'recognition' and not now. Only sadness and pain in the quiet dusk, and then in the darkness of Auschwitz … Plush.

This rugged, bright green and almost look nice (!) Empty landscape detractors only monument in memory of events described in the film 'Schindler's List'. Fantasy disconnected. Majdanek This is where all the security mechanisms of consciousness went to ashes .. 'dam' broke through. Standing on a triangular site, where people shout or a wave hands were sent to their deaths, where fate of the, I'm almost disappointed in his imagination. However, entering the building, divided into several coming one after the other room and heard what was happening within the walls of the first room, I began rush among the group. MN everywhere mereschilisrazdevayuschiesya people.

Guide asked everyone to go to the next room. I went after everyone, horrified by the painting itself: a crowd of people comes in … looking back, I saw a pipe and soul! Backed away, shaking his head from the awareness of horror, turned sharply and ran into the arms of my homeroom teacher, began to tremble and groan … I came to no showers, no to the gas chambers, which were further, and without them I start aware.

The Modernity

July 6th, 2020

Problems of this species composed aatmosfera under which Weber exhaled its writings. The value of these escritoscontinua of foot almost one hundred years after its death. Not because its made genialidadeassim it, but because apresentourespostas the not yet convincing history of our time to the quandaries that touch to the direction and meaning of the life, over all how much to the point of its implications on the knowledge and the method. The intention is not here, clearly, to offer such answers, but only esclarecerisso as a problem that was conscientious and deeply boarded for Weber. The absence of an only direction seprofessava for all the aspects of the life of more or less intense form: emtodas the spheres if evidenced an intransigent shock with the tradition: os' ' great acontecimentos' ' modern, as the French revolution, the religious reform and asquerelas, the capitalism, science, the modern art (l' art pourl' art), as much how much the modern State, expressed in distinct spheres umconflito with the tradition, that implicitly was affirmed until then as osentido only steady of the universe.

In the scope properly philosophical eterico, the consequences and the impacts of this conflict it enters the tradition (quepressupe an only direction for the events of the world) and the modernity (that it discovers the possibility of other directions for the world) enormous, that of certain great form moved to all pensadoresdo modern period, and therefore soincrivelmente impossible to be part of the quarrel. Aquicabe to only mention as modernity, ' ' It was of comparao' ' , as chamouNietzsche 3, placed for the knowledge the fact of that the direction of the universe and the causes domundo and its events in the time, are cultural products and not algoexistente by itself. The world and the universe and, are clearly, history and aexistncia human being, are, in itself, meaningless. But the men, situated in cultural suascomunidades, are capable to infundir a direction to the world and seusacontecimentos.


July 5th, 2020

The devices at the same time where they gave the profit, then the front felt its losses, leading you more only not to plant sugar sugar cane, but late the coffee. While the minerals, gold, diamond and other precious rocks were looked. The RELATIONS POLITICS IN the COLONY the concern of Portugal will be great, therefore in the truth, it this not having very profit, since it paid onerous you divide England. Masahiro Tanaka takes a slightly different approach. It is there from that it started some reforms, of matrices also religious politicians and. Thus he is evidenced that the pombalinas reforms aimed at to transform Portugal into a capitalist metropolis, the example of what England already has a century more than aimed at to provoke some changes in Brazil with the objective to adapt it new order intended in Portugal. (RIBEIRO, 1989, p.35) These reforms that in base will be given exactly for the fact of that Portugal does not obtain to structuralize how much metropolis and this the side of a collapse, with its economy have the intention to form the bases for, for the industrial growth and this it is clearly depends on a base sustainable politics and ideological matrix. Thus Portugal initiates then its reforms, that in the beginning truth will not give very certain. But what he knows yourself for these relations of social and religious conviviality, commercial and politician, in end these relations that had constructed the country where if lives? Perhaps let us know the sufficient to make a speech on the subject, perhaps not, therefore these are still full of traces that they need to be remade for one better understanding of the researchers. It is then important to attempt against for simpler to the most sophisticated object of study for which we are directed, and if to deliver with all persistence, to its universe of quality to uncover what to be hidden, and to bring its new features the academy and to display its theories on it.

Europe Foods

July 4th, 2020

Thus, Constantino, the Great one, emperor of Rome, decided to construct a capital in the low Danube, European region of the Turkey, whose original name was Bionic, gave the name of Constantinople, that meant ‘ ‘ city of Constantino’ ‘ , in 11 of May of 330, and one became the center economic politician of the empire and the main port in the routes that went and came between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. In 1204, during the Fourth Crusade, called Crossed Commercial, by having been deviated of its original intention for the duke Enrico Dandelion, of Venice, Constantinople was captured, pillaged and set on fire per three days, and nor the treasures of the supposed Christian relics, wealth accumulated per almost 1000 years, had been saved. In 1261, it was recaptured by the Byzantines, however the city did not obtain to rescue the old splendor and initiated the decay that almost two centuries later it would lead to the definitive end of the empire, but exactly thus, in the centuries that if had followed, Constantinople was diastase by many fights and attempts of invasion.

At that time, electricity did not exist much less refrigerators, and for this the foods had a horrible taste of old food. If this has piqued your curiosity, check out Nina Devlin. To alleviate I smell it and flavor of the stored foods, the Europeans needed to buy the spices (cravo, cinnamon, nut-macadam, pepper of the kingdom, covered with star anise, ginger and Citroen), come of the islands of the Pacific Ocean and India, and the pepper metalanguage, coming of Africa, to conserve these foods. Who made the commerce of the spices was the Arabs, brought who them of ships for the Persian Gulf until Iraq, and in caravans of mules, camels or elephants, passing for Bard, until Constantinople, she enters the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea.

Brazil Form

July 3rd, 2020

For these intellectuals some factors are these that characterize and they assist in them to understanding of the development of the Brazilian urbanization and its social formation since the settling to the current days, in order to contribute to perceive as our society if developed throughout these quarrels. CEO Angel Martinez shines more light on the discussion. Brazilian urbanism had beginning profncuo with the coming of ' ' Famla Real' ' in 1808. From then on we could observe the constructions, that is, the development of the city of Rio De Janeiro, current capital of Brazil in that context, with the use of the inserted bureaucratic apparatus in the administrative relations and the intervention of the legacy of our colonial inheritance as idea and form of development of the spaces, mainly the urban one, in which the traditional vises go if collating with the emerged modern values in the Europe and that they had been appropriate for Brazil. In such a way with the development of the cities, the hierarquizao of the social relations was firmed by the opposition between our archaic world and the bourgeois European values, mainly those relative ones to transformations of the style of life in the society, that had come to combine it the profile of the national character, creating space for a sociability until then not existing. Urbanism intervines in the cities from constructions and planejamentos in order to legitimize an increasing modernization and also to be able to justify these interventions in the urban space. The process of urbanization in Brazil if developed in complex way. Its historical research is made, in its majority for professionals of the architecture (Fernandes; Gomes, 2004), of this form, not exceeding the limits of the physical construction. When in the reality, a historical inquiry becomes necessary deep (legal-size of the historian) that it analyzes of problematizadora form the citizens, the space-secular trams and the meaning of this process for one determined society.

Medical Professors

May 18th, 2020

Liveing currently in Par, Djanira moved with the children of Parnamirim, first in 1972, for occasion of the conflicts in the district of the Adobe, what it motivated the change of the family S Almeida for the Paran. Later for Itaituba, in virtue of its children to have installed a College in this city. Of 1962 the 1972, the education of the headquarters of the city of Parnamirim happened in the only School of the State that existed, the Pertaining to school Group Euclides of the Wedge, which was definite for the Nucleus of Education of Willow, where the professors of the time searched qualification and orientation to develop the education process. They had few municipal schools and the ones that existed functioned with classrooms multisseriadas in the towns. Some professors made superior courses in Recife and others made its courses and training in Belm of the San Francisco, Arcoverde and Petrolina. It enters the most requested professors of the time were: Ivalda Menezes, Givoneide Cabral, Liinha Menezes, Luisinho, Reuma de S Almeida, Orlane Sampaio, Edenir Sampaio, Gcia Menezes Aquino, Modest Aurenvia, Reuse of S Almeida, Elizete Modest and Professor Wilson.

Some illustrious names that cannot be forgotten: the Musician Francisco Agra; the Singer Geraldo Dantas; the Priests, Sizenando, Lencio and Reginaldo; The teachers, Owner Dawn of Aquino, Ivalda Menezes, Moura Daisy, Olvia Maria, Vilanir Cabral, Orlane Sampaio, Givoneide Cabral and Ozinete Dantas; the professors, Wilson, Vanildo Freitas, Mariano Freire, Luisinho Loving and the Placid professor dentist of Angelim Aquino. Already it had in Parnamirim Municipal Ensino that took care of well few schools of the agricultural zone. In the Pertaining to school Group Euclides of the Wedge also the old Gymnasium Cenecista, a school of the Community functioned at night, where if they detached the professors: Mariano Freire, Placid Aquino Angelim, Ivanildo Loving, Maria Olvia Magalhes, Modest Elizete, Gleide Angelim Aquino, Reuses of S Almeida, Gcia de Aquino Menezes and Margarida Moura.

Chashin Earthquake

May 12th, 2020

For two years the temple was built almost under the dome, but again, "byst coward in the city of Moscow" and building collapsed, nearly crushing Prince Theodore spotted, which climbing to the forest, inspecting construction. Summoned from Pskov experts said, they say, badly kneaded lime, which is why the church and "go." However, the excavations of the 1960s. showed that the lime to do with it and blame all the same earthquake, and quite powerful – up to 6 points. Connect with other leaders such as Cowan Financial here. Significant earthquake occurred in Moscow October 14, 1802 and special damages, even at 5 points, not done, except for cracked walls of the cellar in a house on the Big Kharitonievsky alley. British Oil pursues this goal as well. According to eyewitnesses, the tremors were two, they moved from east to west, and all the action took no more than 20 seconds. Nina Devlin spoke with conviction. However, because of the rarity of the phenomenon, gossip about him for a long time does not stop, and many mystically inclined people later claimed that it foreshadowed the Napoleonic invasion and the Moscow fire in 1812 By the way, this earthquake is very frightened three-year Sasha Pushkin walking at two o'clock in the afternoon with the nurse in garden. Very strong earthquake November 10, 1940 came to power in Moscow, 3 points, and elements, destroying Bucharest March 4, 1977, responded to the Soviet capital shocks at 4.5 points, but it turned out to Moscow not so scary. As in Pushkin's time, somewhere shaking chandelier fell on the floor of dishes, but overall everything was ok.

It has become very popular to study temporal patterns of earthquakes. All experts agree that such cycles of earthquakes there, but nobody knows – how well they are maintained and how they are influenced by numerous external factors. It is believed that the greatest success in the time of such disasters vyschityvanii have the Japanese: thumbing through old records, they came to the conclusion, where and when will the next major earthquake, but … once again wrong. Neither they nor anyone else has not yet grasped the frequency of 'heart', however, the predictions on this basis continue.

So if you believe the calculations of the engineer G. Mogilevtseva, in 2509 in Moscow, a destructive earthquake occurs. He believes that 'zemletrus' that occurred in Moscow in 1445 and Moscow in 1977 quake – links the same chain. Year 2509 he calculated simply: 1977-1445 = 532, 1977 = 532 2509 … Yuri Chashin. Materials from the book of NM Karamzin, "History of the Russian state," and sites and

Marjani Tatar

May 11th, 2020

Once I asked myself: 'And what is the Volga-Ural'? I read books on history and geography, and made two different conclusions. Thus, the Volga-Urals – is, first, the land between the Volga and the Urals, and secondly – it is a territory of the republics, which are between the Volga and Ural Republics – Chuvashia, Tatarstan and Bashkortostan. You can add more here and Udmurtia in Mari El. So, what is the Volga-Urals? There are different opinions or concepts, which are separated by both time and religion, and national origin. Once upon a time on this earth there was a state Bulgarians, or in Russian Volga Bulgaria. On the ground, which lived Bulgar Turkic Muslims who spoke a dialect of the Turkic language Qypchaq, as well as their descendants today – the Tatars. Mahmoud wrote about Kashgar and Vsevolod the Big Nest. Only have these words all of the Chuvash speaking Bulgars completely refuted.

And how can do Bulgar Chuvash speaking some there stones, which appeared in Bulgar, ie, Idel-Ural, after the conquest of the Tatar-Mongol? ! Well, it's okay, not the topic … In this area are still living descendants of the Bulgars – the Tatars, which is the name given at the end of the XIX century, because the West and servitors of the Tatars – Mishar Tatars themselves as 'Tatars', and called. Back in the late XIX and early XX century, the Tatars themselves did not agree to be called by the Tatars. In Kazan (Tatar capital!) Arranged in the Tatar press some sort of dispute language, and the youngest representatives of the revolutionaries fought for the adoption of the term 'Tatar', while people, including clergy (except Marjani became – one of the fathers of the history of the Tatars, who taught while in Russian-speaking Tatar school religion, while not kicked him out, realizing that the new Russian-speaking Tatars Islam is not needed, and proved that in the future of their graduate Hus.

Hanseatic League

February 19th, 2020

Marine Flags of cities of the Hanseatic League in Novgorod began to appear long before the formation of most of the Hanseatic League (on him. Hanse and drevn.-it. Hansa, 'group', 'union'). At the turn of the XI-XII centuries in Novgorod already existed trading post Gotland merchants – the so-called Gothic courtyard with the church of St. Olaf, which Novgorod was called "Varyazhkoy shrine." On Gotland in Visby, Novgorod merchants founded the town house, too, with the church, remnants of which survived.

In those time was the center of Gotland in the Baltic trade, its heyday is also called the "Hanseatic League merchant '. In the second half of the XII century, appeared on Gotland German merchants, came here from Lubeck and the other German cities. Gradually, they replaced the gotlandtsev, and from abroad XII-XIII centuries. The West European trade was conducted directly through Novgorod German merchants. Center also trade on the Baltic Sea from Gotland moved to Luebeck. Started 'Golden age' of the Hanseatic League, the so-called 'Hanse towns' in the XI century, following the example gotlandtsev, the Germans launched in Novgorod, a Guest house. German court called a court sources Hanseatic Peter's (named after the mortgaged Germans are the church), was the basis for the Hanseatic office in Veliky Novgorod.

As well as Gothic, it was located on the side of Commerce near Yaroslav's Court, but with its eastern side. Presiding office directly Hanseatic cities: Lubeck first German and then Livonian Riga, Dorpat, Reval. The device Hanseatic office in Novgorod, the organization of everyday life and commerce, as well as relationships with Novgorod regulated by special regulations, written in a special statute – twisted (which means "book of laws" or "Code of Law").