Posts Tagged ‘philosophy’

Rubem Alves

July 20th, 2020

Inside of the logic of the capital, it he is that one that leaves in the world behind who can buy its product and consume what it it consumes. &#039 is its; ' destination manifesto' ' to make proslitos. As a good sheep, it has that to multiply so that can increase the flock and many sheep they are sheared and much wool is produced. But, the best thing that can happen is when a wolf is tamed or transformed into sheep, or better, when somebody that thinks as wolf, that has a divergent thought starts to think as a sheep not to say ' ' Anta' '. To this they call conversion, that is, process of dosmeticao and transformation of wolves in sheep. The more wolf will be or divergent it will be the citizen, better to be converted. Therefore, the contrary or different thought is much more dangerous for the institutions, in special, for the churches that the desviante moral. Rubem Alves very explains well this in its Dogmatismo book and Tolerncia when it says: ' '? to the first sight, the desviante moral can seem the behavior most dangerous for the unit of the society, the truth is that the divergent thought is that one that presents greater danger shaking the order social in question in its proper beddings.

The thief, who intent concretely against the private property, is less dangerous than that one that, not being thief, he contests, to the intellectual level, the legitimacy of the private property. The first one only desires to decide particular a practical problem. As it denies the validity of the social order as a whole. … The prostitute, equally, is less dangerous than eunuco that it affirms a love philosophy livre' ' (1982: 109). Being thus, therefore, conversion would be to pass for a domesticao, ' ' pacificao' ' front to the others.

Sebastianista Rebellion

June 22nd, 2020

Terreal paradise: the sebastianista rebellion in the Mountain range of the Rodeador. Joo Pablo Filgueiras, Caio and Rodrigo. 1? The Mountain range possesss a great rock, in whose cracks it was said to hear voices, noise of battle and sounds of instruments. She was considered magic. The myth was created of that Dom Sebastio, a lost Portuguese king in Morocco, would come back through this rock and would face enemy forces for more powerful than they were. The form of the rochedo, or some forgotten battle could have given origin to the myth. (As opposed to CEO Angel Martinez). Aboriginal or African beliefs had added religious imaginary it the Iberian one. 2? The year where the rebellion occurred, 1820 were crucial for the history of the country, had a conflict between the Portuguese and Brazilian elites on the localization of the capital of the United kingdom, Rio or Lisbon.

More the Portuguese conservatives wanted that Brazil came back the condition of colony. The real armies needed an example of its force that intimidated the Brazilian elites without touches them. The coitados poor persons of the Rodeador not only bothered the monarch. The armies of local provinces were losing conscripts who turned into a desert for there, the farmers not only lost lands, but mainly, man power. the example could motivate other groups to defy the established order. They had been sacrificed.

3? The troops of major Lobo and lieutenant-colonel Carneiro had attacked the inhabitants at night, had massacreed some, stolen, set on fire and certainly they had forcene. The prisoners with military formation had been enlisted to serve to the army in other regions. Useless the untied ones. Children small servants for the soldiers. Captivated women to serve as prostitutes. Madureira Wolf divided the troops and attacked alleging that the rebels had shot first. The authorities to be justified had made judgments alleging that the natives carried weapons, were composed in deserters, wizards and conspirators. 4? The rebels asked for land, religious freedom, the end of the obligator conscriptions, the end of the high prices and to be buried as the rich ones in the churches. Analyzing these claims, one uncovers that they wanted agrarian reform, been lay, professional army, to finish with the inflation and the end of the social inaquality. They had not been fanatic as they described them to the elites, but people who had found a form of if organizing socially and fighting for its rights, therefore what they desired is what today we call in them ' ' state of well-being social' '.

The Reception

October 3rd, 2018

Love it needs for full development (and in some cases for survival), and he was trying to get it go to any conditions. Learn more at: Uber. But at heart he has endeared doubt that he is worthy of love – just like that for no reason, without conditions – and the habit of making love. Almost everyone who comes to me at the reception, says a similar story. One woman told me that she could not afford a bad mood, tears, or demands, because it upset my mother. Upsetting, she stopped to talk with her daughter and she quickly learned how to to suppress all signs of discontent, fear or frustration. She became very comfortable, actually cut off part of yourself to get the illusion of acceptance. Another woman talked about the sacrifice of the mother.

Her mother his entire life dropped at the feet of the family – abandoned a career of passion, not letting little or no cost to their needs. But for some reason to live in such an ideal picture was unbearable. The whole family was obliged to be grateful for this sacrifice, and also, as in the first case, it was impossible to be sincere – be angry, to want something else or do not want stuffy care. My daughter had to "cut off" their feelings and for a long time to wear the mask of gratitude. A third woman talked about the outwardly friendly but inwardly very cold and unsympathetic mother. She opted for a role of "daughter" of her husband and almost pulled away from contact.

Herbert Spencer

August 31st, 2014

The fashion contemporary is more ambiguous and multifaceted, in agreement with the nature highly broken up of the postindustrial societies. (CRANE, 2006, P. 29) the first key to study the fashion in the capitalist and industrialized world, fincou in the structures proposals for social scientists, such which: Herbert Spencer (1854), Gabriel of Afternoon (1890), Thorstein Veblen (1899) and Georg Simmel (1904). Taking the fashion with relevance in its studies, they defend that it has two characteristics to regulate it its existence: imitation and the distinction. Georg Simmel, from 1905, made its theoretical contribution to the studies of the fashion, contextualizando, historically, the mechanism of the fashion and its relation with the social hierarchy. The model of Simmel of change in fashion was centered in idea of that the fashions first were adopted by high classroom e, later, for the middle classes and low. Groups of inferior status looked for to acquire more status when adopting the clothes of the groups of superior status, unchaining a process of infect social in which the styles were adopted by groups of successively inferior statuses.

For the author, the fashion is, therefore, one imitation form that leads to the general dispute for superficial and unstable symbols of status, that is, the elite initiates a fashion and when the classrooms imitate lowest it, in an effort to eliminate the external barriers of classroom, it abandons for one another fashion. Therefore, the engine that would stimulate the phenomenon if would give for the incessant search of the new and for a place of status in the social structure. So soon the fashion is dominant, that is, so soon what only some few practise pass to be practised by all without exception, as elements of clothes or of the forms of social contact, not if more speech can fashionable. (SIMMEL, 2005, P. 163), for Simmel (2005) Thus in fashion imitation satisfies the necessity of social support, on the other hand, because the individual leads the tracks that all follow, and for another one, the imitation satisfies the trend the differentiation, the distinction, the change.

Zygmunt Bauman

November 22nd, 2012

Hardly if it can contest the fact of that it, with effect, does not authorize no reply to this questo.' ' (WEBER, 1993, p.18) Leaving of the concept of ' ' desencantamento of mundo' ' we can search some relations with the concept of ' ' modernity lquida' ' considered for Zygmunt Bauman. For the author the metaphor ' ' modernity lquida' ' it points some characteristics of this time that you beginning with the modernity, marked for the invasion of the instrumental rationalism, for the new technologies, the capitalist development, the globalization, the rationalization and the scientific development. Bauman affirms the modernity-liquid (or after-modernity) as a moment of ' ' melting of slidos' ' , they are values and scientific conceptions, theories, technologies, economic model and even though behavior standards. According to author, the solids if keeps and possesss durability while the liquids have the slightness capacity, always has flexibility and malleability, being ready if to adapt. ' ' But modernity was not a process of ' ' liquefao' ' since the start? He was not ' ' melting of slidos' ' its bigger pastime and main accomplishment? In other words, modernity was not ' ' fluida' ' since its conception? ' ' (BAUMAN, 2001, p.9) This characteristic liquidity of after-modernity points a moment fruit of a movement where some basic changes had occurred. We can detach the English Industrial Revolution of century XVIII as one of the events that had inaugurated modernity (previous period to liquid modernity). The Revolution brought obtains the capitalist ideal of material productivity and speed as quality standard. This ideal if firmed as one of the great bases of modernity and also of after-modernity. E, inside of this context, new positions and standards of behavior had appeared. A new economic model (capitalism) started to dictate new rules to this society appeared of the attempt of melting of old social standards.

Habitus, Field And Capital

June 10th, 2012

Habitus, Field and Capital the focus of this summary points with respect to the Habitus concepts, Fields and Capital, central offices of the workmanship of Pierre Bourdieu. For in such a way, I worked with texts of some books of this author: The Symbolic Power, Questions of Sociology, the Masculine Domination, Said Things, the Misery of the Written World and the book of Education, organized for Maria Alice Nogueira and Afrnio Catani, with texts of Bourdieu that not yet are available in Brazil. The interest in understanding as the author always used and developed its theories using these three concepts was what it guided this work. The field is a space of game and fight between new (dominated, pretending) and the dominant ones. It is a structuralized space of positions that are objects of disputes. The positions independem of its occupants to exist. Each field possesss properties its differentiates that them of the other fields although to possess laws that do not vary.

The dominant ones create the rules. Each field possesss one doxa, that is, implicit rules and truths that are known for the dominant ones of the field and that when being desveladas by the dominated ones they guarantee some possibility to them to impose new doxa. The rules are fight object. One of the logics of the field is that the involved ones possess interests in common. For example, in the scientific field all the involved ones have interest in being cited, beyond having scientific publications in magazines and periodicals; thus it has the reificao of that such doxa express the truth and in such a way imposes in a flow ' ' natural' '. The wealth that exist in the field are increase of capital. For each field it has a specific capital that it must be similar gathered of that its detainer can assume the dominncia position.