Posts Tagged ‘Foreign Languages ??’

Iron Curtain

August 26th, 2018

Another serious flaw in the school system of teaching foreign languages – the study of all consecutive. Often, teachers simply 'Bury' school under the body of knowledge that students learn just can not. More Conan Doyle mouth of the famous detective Sherlock Holmes said that our head is like a loft: it can be filled with anything. And stupid people for his comments and do. While still Michelangelo remarked that unnecessary need to prune. But already know that there are unnecessary – a sign of true craftsmanship.

In addition to the schools in our linguistic ignorance to blame government policy. More recently we have been closed from the world of the Iron Curtain. Prospect of being abroad was highly unlikely. Therefore, the study of foreign languages was not a vital necessity. Little changed the status of the study of foreign languages in schools today. Particularly acute the problem is in secondary schools in the province.

In this case, most pupils are no real incentives for learning languages, although need to master a foreign language in today's world, of course, increased. The second reason, which secrete the Methodists to explain why Russians are not always able to communicate fluently in English or German language – their biggest difference from the Russian. Both of these languages belong to the German group and have much in common. So, let's say, the Germans would be much easier to learn English than we do, the Russian. But still, in my opinion, the correct approach to learning could easily 'make' to speak the same English graduates of our schools. At a scientific conference I happened to chat with the elderly is a German, and communication takes place in the Russian language. Naturally, I asked him where he learned Russian well. 'At school' – the answer. Another example – my colleague, Natalia, who is fluent in English language at school. In their school English lessons led former teacher at the capital's university, for family reasons, came to live in a small provincial town. Knowledge and skills in English, Natalia received at school was enough to make it easy cope with the English at the university, and later to write research papers and to attend graduate school in the Institute. Max Planck in Germany. Of course, today the country's life changed dramatically. 'Iron Curtain collapsed, Russians began to travel abroad, foreigners come to us, and ads are full of phrases employers' required knowledge of English, German …'. It is gratifying that people came to life and actively carried away with the study of languages, especially because there is no shortage of courses, and the Russian methodology has leaped forward.

German Dictionary

December 16th, 2013

Hence the inevitable conclusion that helps us to understand speech and text is not a large vocabulary, it would also learned a relatively small amount of words. That is, after learning of 400-600 words can feel good about yourself almost any conversation or when reading any text. Take the text of 10 thousand words. Knowing the 400 words, you'll find in this text, 9000 words, that is the whole text you will understand. Of course given numbers and percentages rather conditional. You can run into some specific text, where those of your 400 words would be manifestly insufficient.

But these texts are very, very little. Consider the classification vocabulary. Active vocabulary? 400-500 words. This stock need to be able to talk with the speaker. Basic level? 800-1000 words. This reserve is enough to understand almost any text. As you know, in order to explain, words should be less than that understand the reading. After all, the source, so to speak, is interactive.

If he sees that you do not understand something, he can say the same thing, but in other words. 1500-2000 words? this stockpile enough for confident everyday and sure reading. 3000-4000 words? vocabulary sufficient for reading and understanding literature. 8000 words? with the vocabulary you will be able to read any literature and to communicate freely with any other person. But even after learning necessary vocabulary words, it does not automatically mean that you can communicate fluently in a foreign language. One has to also know the rules for constructing sentences. Well, this is often insufficient. As Practice shows that for sure learning a foreign language can not do without close contact with the support of the language. And vyuchivanie new words when communicating with native speakers is much faster and more efficiently. In practice of Western countries identified three levels of vocabulary. These levels are used in teaching foreign language learners. So 8000 words? it is enough to read and speak a foreign language. The first level or A level? baseline (400-600 words) covers 90% of all needs in the words in everyday speech, and about 70% of words in various texts. The second level or the level of B? minimal vocabulary (800-1000). This level is sufficient to ensure that the need for 95% of words in everyday speech, and 80-85% in the texts. The third level or grade B? average vocabulary (1500-2000 words), which is sufficient to fully cover the need for words in speech and 90% of the text. Way to these levels are often oriented dictionaries of foreign words. For example German Dictionary () incorporates the 2000 words in the main languages: German, English, French, Spanish, Italian and Russian. Therefore, taking the learning a foreign language, think, and how many words in it you need to know in real life.